Sunday, May 5, 2019

Policing and Penal Services Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 words

Policing and Penal go - Essay ExampleAlthough this may sound an ideal way to deal with whitlows, the ground realities are rather different from the expected results. As no solution is perfect and without flaws, the same goes with this problem of handling criminal behaviour and controlling uncivil citizens, thus increasing problems indoors the prison houses and penitentiaries. Imprisonment and jailing has been an effective way to protect the parliamentary law from corrupt people and individuals with criminal tendencies (Baker, 2002). Prisons hold a complete new world inside them as the almost dangerous people from all over the country or province/ subject are collected in a single space, the chances of different mishaps and unwanted happenings are increased a hundred fold (Baker, 2002). Therefore, the prison service or probation service should be capable of handling such situations. Furthermore, the prison service should competent enough to prevent any incidents from happening at all. Containing any unwanted situations, preventing jailbreaks, controlling prisoner riots, thwarting murder attempts and violent attacks, halting drug trafficking, preventing any sexual harassment or assaults and frustrating any prison gangs from causing any harms are the primary tasks of a prison service. Further duties include the training of convicts to become a better citizen of society, provide them with adult education (if required), providing good healthcare without any discrimination of race, class, colour, religion or creed and building the capacity of inmates to integrate with the society after they have completed their sentence (Great Britain Home Office, 1979). Education can be used for renewal of prisoners. It is important to make them stand back on their feet and help them become a productive fragment of the society. Prisons serve this essential function in the society as well. This essay will attempt to omit a light on the present prison services, their curren t state, the methodologies which are used, and their competency and provide nevertheless alternatives and recommendations to increase their performance and capabilities. It will also comment on education and how it can play a role in rehabilitation of prisoners. Theory crumb Imprisonment Bjerregaard and Lizotte (1995) concluded that there are actually four theories that formed the idea of incarcerating certain citizens. These can be listed as under Punishment reject Specifically Deter Generally Rehabilitation. Punishment This is a very basic idea which follows the concept of straining an individual for his/her wrong doing and preventing him/her from repeating the crime. Deter Specifically Also known as incapacitation, the idea behind specific deterrence is to remove the criminal individual from the society, relying simply on the idea that if such a person would not be a part of the society, his/her criminal actions would not affect the society in any way whatsoever and populati on in general will stay safe (Cao, Zhao, & new wave Dine, 1997). Deter Generally This involves making someone an example for a serious crimes (Carlson, 2001). For instance, if there is death penalization for intentional homicide, then lesser people will do any such act. This idea has addicted way to many harsh punishments such as life imprisonments and capital punishments. Rehabilitation Rehabilitation involves head the offenders and making them better citizens of the society (Jiang & Fisher-Giorlando, 2002). They are given education and awareness about being a productive member of the community and participating in building the society instead of tearing it down. Although this is the most productive

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